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Robin Hood’s Panel Study Documents Pervasive Deprivation and Opens Inquiry about the Role of “Shocks”
Seventy-three Percent of New Yorkers Suffered Serious Deprivation During Three-Year Period
New York, NY—October 17, 2016—The latest report from the Robin Hood/Columbia University Poverty Tracker survey shows that a numbing 73 percent of New Yorkers experienced serious deprivation at some point during the three-year period of the study. The Poverty Tracker, a quarterly survey of the same 2,000 households, examines three types of deprivation: income poverty, severe material hardship (like hunger or suspension of utilities) and poor health.
Earlier quarterly reports from the Poverty Tracker documented persistent deprivation. The latest report confirms that finding.
The report released today “The Persistence of Disadvantage in New York City,” opens up a new line of inquiry into the relationship between “shocks” that individual households suffer and deprivation. Specifically, the Poverty Tracker examines five shocks: financial; relationship(divorce); crime (robbery); accident/ illness; and arrest. Researchers found a strong correlation between frequency of shocks and persistence of disadvantage. For example, 86 percent of those suffering from persistent hardship also suffered multiple financial shocks. By contrast, only 39 percent of those reporting no hardship over the three years suffered multiple financial shocks. Similarly, 23 percent of those suffering from persistent poverty experienced multiple criminal shocks, while only 13 percent of those who never experienced poverty suffered from similar shocks.
Researchers also analyzed the data by sex, race, immigration status, education and location.